Document Type : Review Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Sport Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor in Sport Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor in Sport Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor in Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


The present study aimed to systematically review the recent researches in the field of leisure time physical activity using managerial approach. This study was a secondary study that has been done in systematic review method. In doing so, firstly to determine the inclusion and exclusion criteria, an evaluation form was prepared and its face validity was then confirmed by 5 experts in the field of sport and leisure management. In the initial search for data collection, based on pre-determined key words, 831 articles were recognized between 2005 to 2018-time period. Considering the research inclusion criteria, 101 articles were analyzed. In sum, 280 textual propositions were identified. Afterwards the detected textual propositions were summarized into the 185 items. In the next step, these 185 propositions were divided into four categories: a- motivators, b- concepts or barriers, c- outcomes, d- the change-needed fields. So, it is suggested to key decision makers to have a comprehend attention on issues contributed to providing participation necessities for all segments of the population (i.e. vulnerable groups) by promoting inter-organizational collaborations.


Main Subjects

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