The purpose of this study was analyze the factors affecting on women's health development in Iran by qualitative method and using grounded theory. The study population consisted of managers and experts in health, professors, experts and practitioners with a history of executive and research activity in the field of study. Using the snowball sampling method, 16 individuals were selected for in-depth semi-structured interviews until theoretical saturation. In order to assess the validity of the qualitative research instrument, acceptability, portability, and verifiability were used and data were analyzed through three coding steps (open, axial and selective coding). The research findings showed that at the open coding step, among the 231 primary codes extracted, after repeated comparisons, 122 secondary codes with 607 repeats were identified and categorized into main and sub-categories at the axial coding step: causal conditions (physical conditions, interpersonal conditions, structural conditions and social conditions); contextual conditions (infrastructure conditions, media conditions and development conditions); intervening conditions (sociological conditions, managerial conditions, facility conditions and legal conditions); strategies (socio-economic support, culture building, educational strategy and pattern making) and the consequences (infrastructure management, landscape management, cultural management and executive management). In the following theoretical theorems and the research pattern in the form of relationships between categories were selected in the coding step and six main theorems were formulated. Women's health policy makers and organizations in Iran can use management model, programs and factors derived from this research as a guide and lever for development.