Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. in Sport Management, Shahrood University of Technology

2 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Shahrood University of Technology

3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management Institute of Physical Education and Sport Sciences


Resistive economy is one of the most important concerns for Iranian principles during recent years. Hence this study has been purposed to Effective factors identification with respect to Resistive Economy implementation in sport of Iranian State Universities. This descriptive research method has been in terms of Practical type and in terms of survey implementation.
The statistical population of the present study include all members of sport scientific Committee, economics departments of the universities, the directors of the physical education of the universities, the general administration of the Ministry of Science, University Physical Education Experts, experts in the field of economics whom are familiar with the research topic that Based on the random stratified sampling method. 376 people were selected as the sample.
The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose formal validity and content were confirmed by a group of Professional professors. Cronbach's alpha method was used to calculate the reliability of the instrument (α=0.98). to analyze the data, the exploratory factor analysis method was used with Varimax rotation.
According to factor analysis 68 variables were divided into 8 factor: mobility and dynamism, self-reliance, Training and information, social development, planning, rule of law, consumption management and active participation. The importance of the factors was examined from the perspective of the subjects. Accordingly, consumption management with an average of 4.29± 0.47, active participation with an average of 4.11± 0.53, and planning with an average of 4.08± 0.58 were recognized as the most important factors of Resistive Economy in College sport.


Main Subjects

  1. Akbari, A., & Hosseini, M. H. (2015). A study of the role of jihadi management and universities in the culture of resistance economy, National conference of the third millennium and the humanities, Shiraz, Iran center for the development of new education.https://, 1-11. (Persian).
  2. Amiri, M., Partabian, A., & Safari, M. (2014). Study the role of the university and its elements in realizing resistive economy. International journal of resistive economics, 2(4): 104-115.
  3. Briguglio, L., & Piccinino, S. (2012). Growth with resilience in East Asia and the 2008-2009 global recession. Asian development review, 29(2): 183-206.
  4. Dehghanpour, B., Shafiee, A. & Mohammadi, M. (2016). Resistive economy a study of the review of dimensions and features. Journal of work and the community, (186): 64-55. (Persian).
  5. Dizgarani, A. H., & Shokri, N. (2017). Global experiences of financial systems in dealing with economic shocks: Provide an appropriate strategy for the Iranian economy to move towards a resistive economy. International journal of resistive economics, 5(2): 44-56.
  6. Dumciuviene, D. (2015). The impact of education policy to country economic development. Procedia-Social and behavioral sciences, (191): 2427-2436.
  7. Elliott, J. (2012). An introduction to sustainable development, 4th Edition, London, Routledge, 1-384.
  8. Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from national systems and “Mode 2” to a triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Research policy, 29(2): 109-123.
  9. Heidari, M., Ghorbi, M.J. (2016). Research on the meaning and concept of resistive economy in the Iran islamic republic. Defense Policy Magazine, 97(24):37-80. (Persian).
  10. Javani, V. (2018). Explain the basics of implementing a resistance economy in the sport industry. Journal of sports management, 10 (3):580-567. (Persian).
  11. Khazaei, A., Honari, H., & Shahlaee Magheri, J. (2018). Identify the challenges of implementing the resilient economy in the countrys sport industry. Sport management studies, 10(49): 59-78. (Persian).
  12. Kline, P. (2014). An easy guide to factor analysis. Routledge, 1-25.
  13. Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C., & Morgan, G. A. (2005). SPSS for intermediate statistics: Use and interpretation. Second Edition, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,Inc, Mahwah. 1-240.
  14. Mahdizadeh, R., Andam, R., & Rozbahani, SH. (2013). Barriers to the development of public sports in universities. Research in academic sports, 3: 109-126. (Persian).
  15. Mahmoodi, E. (2019). The effect of economic globalization on inflation in Asian developing countries. Quarterly journal of the macro and strategic policies, 7(1): 46-65. (Persian).
  16. Mariana, D. R. (2015). Education as a determinant of the economic growth. the case of romania. Procedia - Social and behavioral sciences, (197): 404-412.
  17. Obschonka, M. (2017). The quest for the entrepreneurial culture: psychological big data in entrepreneurship research. Current opinion in behavioral sciences, (18): 69-74.
  18. Office for ECOSOC support and coordination united nations. (2008). Achieving sustainable development and promoting development cooperation: dialogues at the economic and social council.
  19. Ranjbar Ardakani, S. (2018). Barriers to the realization of the resistance economy in the Islamic republic of Iran. Scientific-research quarterly of the Islamic revolution approach, 11(39): 141-160. (Persian).
  20. Razavi, M.R. (2005). Privatization and performance in sport. Journal of movement, 23: 5-22. (Persian).
  21. Rose, A. Z. & E. Krausmann (2013). An economic framework for the development of a resilience index for business recovery. International journal of dis aster risk reduction, 73-83.
  22. Saeedi Kia, A. (2018). Resistive economy in sport. Asr imam publishing institute, first edition, 1-266. (Persian).
  23. Seyedi, B., Dortaj, F., & Jalaie, A., M. (2011). Investigation of economic messages and concepts in elementary school textbooks. Journal of iranian economic research quarterly, 16(4): 35-69. (Persian).
  24. Shamsi Goshki, M., Ziaee, M. S., Razzaqi Shirsavar, H., & Mosleh, M. (2019). Rating the entrepreneurial components of resilient economy by ahp: Designing appropriate entrepreneurial model for resistive economy. Public management research, 12 (45): 237-260. (Persian).
  25. Sheikh Abu Masudi, A. (2016). Resistive economy, Action and practice. Arkan Danesh Publications, 1-80. (Persian).
  26. Statements of the supreme leader during the feast meeting in the holy shrine of razavi, 26 March, (2014). (Persian).
  27. Statement of the supreme leader in a meeting with a group of researchers and officials of knowledge based companies, 29 July, (2012). (Persian).
  28. Statements of the supreme leader in a meeting with the staff of pharmaceutical company, 7 January, (2013). ir. (Persian).
  29. Statements of the supreme leader in the meeting of different segments of the people on the occasion of ghadir feast, 8 September, (2016). (Persian).
  30. Statements of the supreme leader in the meeting of the president and members of the cabineh, 23 August, (2012). (Persian).  
  31. Sveiby, K. E. (2001). A knowledge‐based theory of the firm to guide in strategy formulation. Journal of intellectual capital, 2(4): 344-358.  
  32. Vaezi, S. K., & Fadaee, M (2015). Investigating and explaining the components of strategic management of islamic university based on the model of resistance economy. Management in the islamic university, 4 (9): 39-58. (Persian).
  33. Van Bergeijk, P. A., Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2017). Heterogeneous economic resilience and the great recession's world trade collapse. Papers in regional science, 96(1): 3-12.
  34. Zareian, H., Ghorbani, M. H., & Mirzaei, F. (2018). Operation strategies for resistive economy in school sports of Iran. Journal of research in educational sport, (14): 153-172. (Persian).
  35. Zoo, H., deVries, H. J., & Lee, H. (2017). Interplay of innovation and standardization: Exploring the relevance in developing countries. Technological forecasting and social change, (118): 334-348.