Document Type : Research Paper


1 Physical Education and Sports Science, Taleghani Campus, Farhangian University

2 Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Tehran, Kish International Campus, Iran.


The present study was conducted to develop a Pattern of educational sports development in education during health crises situation such as COVID-19 pandemic. The methodology of present study is of mixed (quantitative and qualitative) type. The statistical population was sports management experts and specialists familiar with the subject of educational sports in education with more than 10 years’ work experience. Sampling methods were targeted and theoretical saturation index and communication software were used for online interviewed with 18 experts and experts. The Delphi technique was used in three stages for Validity of qualitative section, so that the findings were presented in three stages for participant and their point of view were applied. To confirm Reliability, the retest method was used and the results showed that the relationship between the percentages of agreement within the subject is equal to 0.91, which is appropriate. After identifying the factors affecting the development of educational sports, the factors in the matrix table were compiled as a questionnaire and provided to the research sample and they were asked to complete the questionnaires based on the ISM method. To determine the causal relationships of the indicators, the structural-interpretive modeling method was used and Micmac software was used to draw the model. Finally, 7 major categories including re-needs assessment, strategy formulation, two-way communication, correction of virtual education processes, operational plans, use of global models and factors affecting development were identified as indicators of educational sports development model in education during health crises.


Main Subjects

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