Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph. D in Strategic Management in Sport, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Mobarakeh Branch, Mobarakeh, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor in Sport Management, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Mobarakeh Branch, Mobarakeh, Iran.

3 Associate Professor in Sport Management, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran


There are changes or events in the future that are relatively unlikely to occur, but their potential impact on advancing affairs is extremely high. This research has identified the effective Wild Cards and drivers on the future of Iran’s educational sport using Delphi technique. This research is mixed research regarding method and based on the paradigm of complexity theory and has exploratory approach. Participants consisted of 14 experts in the field of futurology and educational sport who are first selected in a targeted manner and then by snowball, and reached consensus in three phases of implementing Delphi technique about 4 identified Wild Cards and 17 drivers. These drivers have categorized in 5 categories of social, technology, environmental, economic, and political. It was shown in order not to be surprised by the Wild Cards and drivers, from “reaction time” which is a gap between weak signals of the current time and the time of occurrence of the future Wild Cards, trustees of educational sport should develop an operational and comprehensive planning for future monitoring and previewing for developing educational sport. The results showed that identifying the Wild Cards and drivers that affect the future educational sport of Iran can identify, to some extent, different future with different possibilities.


Main Subjects



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