Document Type : Research Paper


1 Master of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Professor of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 PhD student in Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

4 Assistant Professor of Sports Management, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad

5 Assistant Professor of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the effective factors on the virtual education of the general physical education course of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad during the coronavirus. The research is practical in terms of purpose, descriptive in nature and a survey that was conducted in a mixed method (qualitative and quantitative). Data collection tools in this study were library studies, interviews and questionnaires. In the qualitative part of the research, the sample was purposefully selected, and in the quantitative part, among the teachers of physical education and sports and non-physical education students who used the virtual physical education applied program, 323 people were randomly selected as the research sample according to Morgan table. Based on the results of the research, four components of information technology, human resources, motivational and content factors were identified as effective factors in organizing virtual physical education classes. In the meantime, the content component was not in a desirable situation, so the designers of this program should pay more attention to the content factors involved in the program and take corrective measures for the next versions. According to the research results, in order to take advantage of the virtual education system in universities across the country to hold general physical education units, it is necessary to create opportunities for education and conduct studies in universities for the development of information technology, create a culture and a positive attitude towards virtual education, development and use of qualified human resources for the virtual education system, change in the curriculum planning system and physical education course topics as a prerequisite for the transformation of university systems in the use of virtual education programs should be given priority.


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