Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor of Payam Noor University

2 PhD student in Sports Management Faculty of Sports Sciences Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 PhD in Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

4 Assistant Professor in Department of Sport Marketing Management, Sanabad Golbahar Higher Education Institute

5 Ph.D. student in Sports Management Ahvaz Chamran University


With the prevalence of football fever in different societies, false sensitivities towards this field have been formed, which has led to some immorality and immorality among spectators, athletes and coaches; Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the immoral behaviors of Iranian Premier League players using the Q research method. The present study is applied in terms of purpose; In terms of exploratory nature; In terms of data collection, it is a descriptive-survey and due to the application of Q methodology, it is mixed research. The statistical population was all veterans and football elites of Iran, from which 24 people were selected as participants by a combination of purposeful and non-probabilistic sampling and snowball sampling. Based on the findings and the results of Q factor analysis, three factors were identified (Injury to players, Injury to the team and injury to the community) that these three factors explained and covered about 57.20% of the variance. Accordingly, in order of priority, the mental pattern of Injury to players was ranked first, Injury to the team was ranked second, and injury to the community was ranked third. According to the results of the present study, the occurrence of immoral behaviors by the country's football players, especially prominent players, causes harm to the players themselves, teams and society. It seems that the cost of immoral and unprofessional behavior should be so high that the athlete does not even think of committing this behavior.


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