Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

3 PhD Student in Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.


Student sports are at the base of the country's sports pyramid and play a fundamental role in developing public, championship, and professional sports. Therefore, the present study aims to identify the factors affecting the development of physical education and student sports in the country's provinces (a case study in this study in Khorasan Razavi province). This study is applied and exploratory research in terms of purpose and nature, respectively, so the systematic method of data theory and Glaser approach were used. From the study's statistical population, 12 people were purposefully considered as a sample in the interview section. Researchers also exerted library studies as a complementary source of interview tools. Human resources, implementation of public and championship sports in schools, economic-financial, sports facilities and infrastructure, management, education-research, socio-cultural, laws and regulations, advertising, media, technology, and information technology were identified as effective factors in the sport's development of Khorasan Razavi province’s schools. Based on the results for the development and promotion of physical education and sports in schools, it is necessary to educate and train physical education and sports teachers in universities, hold educational courses for sports teachers, and provide school sports infrastructure. With the cooperation of donors and related institutions, continuous holding of camps and sports events, creation of talent identification bases in schools, holding scientific conferences and seminars with a focus on student sports, providing up-to-date and practical sports content for students, educational software usage, sports talent identification in schools, and constant monitoring of the activities of sports teachers.


  1. Ahmadi, M. Zolfaghari, M. (2021). Identify the roles of the media in the development of sport with a hybrid approach. Journal of Sports Managementdoi: 10.22059 / jsm.2021.325272.2739. (Persian).
  2. Bocarro, J. N. Kanters, M. Cerin, E. Floyd, M. F. Casper, J. Suau, L. J. & Mckenzie, T. (2012). School sport policy and school-based physical activity environments and their association with observed physical activity in middle school children. Journal of health & place, 18(1), 31-38.
  3. Dosti, A. Darvish, M. Mohsenifar, (2018). Identification and ranking of sports development factors in Mazandaran University. Journal of Sports Management, 11 (4), 809-831. (Persian).
  4. Ghafouri, F. Honari, H. Ghaderi, JA. (2017). Identifying the influential factors in the development of NAJA sports. Quarterly Journal of Resource Management in Law Enforcement, 1397 (24), 137-162. (Persian).
  5. Ghanbari Firoozabadi, A. Amani, A. Reyhani, M. Sardroodian, M. (2019). Designing a strategic model for the development of student sports. Research in educational sports. 8 (20), 179-204. doi: 10.22089 / res.2020.7838.173 (Persian).
  6. Gohar Rostami, H. Koozechian, H. Amiri, M. Honari, H. (2013). Typology of stakeholders and their strategic management in the country's sports system. Sports Management Studies, 19 (10), 151-170. (Persian).
  7. Hamidi, M. Elahi, A. Akbari Yazdi, H. (2010) "Editing Development Strategies for the Development of Student Sports Staff Staff Structure in Iran". Research in sports science. 26, 27-40. (Persian).
  8. Hamidi, Rajabi, A. Alidust, H. Zeinizadeh, M. (2017). Identify and model sports development guidelines for all female students of Birjand University. Research on Educational Sports, 6 (14): 67-92. Doi: 10.22089 / res.2017.3874.1268 (Persian).
  9. Hardman, K. (2008). Physical education in schools: a global perspective. Kinesiology, 40(1), 5-28.
  11. Islami, SA. (2014). Investigating the role of social-cultural factors and educational-research factors- in the promotion and development of public sports (case study, Birjand), the second national conference of the Iranian Scientific Association of Sports Management, Tehran, (Persian).
  12. Kamalvand, A. Afshari, M. (2021). Analysis of Factors Affecting Marketing Development in Student Sports. Research in Educational Sports, 9 (22), 261-304. doi: 10.22089 / res.2019.7171.1637. (Persian).
  13. Kehinde, A. & Adodo, S. M. (2011). A conceptual Analysis of school sports Development in Nigeria. African Research Review, Vol. 5(5), 394-403.
  14. Komova, E. Litvinov, S. Skotnikova, A. (2015). Sport Education at Russian High Schools. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport, 3(2)
  15. Manafi, F. Purkiani, M. Dastum, S. (2015). The Impact of Infrastructure and Management Factors on the Development of Sports Participation in Iranian Public Universities, The First National Conference on Sports Science Developments in the Field of Health, Prevention and Championship, Qazvin, (Persian).
  16. Mirzazadeh, Z. Shajiei, K. (2016). "Designing and developing a strategy for the development of university sports (Case study: Department of Physical Education, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad)". Research in sports. 12, pp. 61-78. (Persian).
  17. Moradi, Z. Moradi, M. Goodarzi, M. Negin Taji, F. (2012). Relationship between the roles of information, social participation, education and mass media culture with the development of student sports, (Persian).
  18. Mull, R. F., Bayless, K. G., & Jamieson, L. M. (2005). Recreational sport management.
  19. Nasiri Khozani, M. Arofzad, SH. Nadi, MA. (2020). Designing a model for sustainable development of Iranian student sports participation. Journal of Sports Science, 12 (38), 108-130. (Persian).
  20. Nazari, V. Razavi, SM. Hosseini, SE. Raisi, M. (2013). Identifying the bottlenecks and obstacles facing beach volleyball in Iran using SWOT analysis. Journal of Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 10 (20), 23-34. doi: 10.22080 / jsmb.2014.859. (Persian).




  1. Nouri Khan Yordi, M. Bashiri, M. Faraji, R. (2016). Identification and analysis of barriers to the development of information and communication technology using the ANP method: A case study of the General Directorate of Sports and Youth of East Azerbaijan Province. Sports Management and Development, 6 (3), 1-18. doi: 10.22124 / jsmd.2018.2729 (Persian).
  2. Pakdlan, S. Khatibi, A. Mehdipoor, M. (2021). Strategies for developing student sports funding. Research in educational sports. Volume 9, Number 22 - Consecutive Issue 22. (Persian).
  3. Purkiani, M. Hamidi, M. Goodarzi, M. Khabiri, M. (2016). Analyzing the effect of professional and championship sports on sports development. Sports Management Studies (Research in Sports Science), 9 (42), 55-72. (Persian).
  4. Ramezani Nejad, R. And Hejbari, K. (2016). Fundamentals of sports development and its application in Iranian sports. Parliament and Strategy, 24 (91), 233-263. (Persian).
  5. Ramezani Nejad, R. And Yasuri, M . And Javadipour, M. And Malai, M. (2017). Comparison and analysis of the level of development of Iranian provinces in the field of championship sports. Sports Management Studies (Research in Sports Science), 10 (48), 153-176. (Persian).
  6. Ramezani, M. Andam, R. Aghae, A. (2015). "Designing a strategic plan for physical education of Shahroud University". Research in academic sports. 7, 15-40. (Persian).
  7. Samii, S. Tojari, f. Nik Ain, Z. (2020). Analysis of the trend of managerial developments in physical education and student sports in the country (from 1978 to 2016). Research in Educational Sports, 8 (19), 179-200. (Persian).
  8. Shabani, Khajeh, F. (2017). Prioritization of factors affecting the development of public sports and national championship, Quarterly Journal of Strategic Studies of Sports and Youth, 36, 57-68. (Persian).
  9. Shaholi Kuh-e Shouri, J. Askari, Nazari, R. Naghsh, A. (2021). Scenarios for the development of Iranian student sports. Research in sports management and motor behavior. 11 (21): 209-184(Persian).
  10. Shariati, H. Taybi Thani, Q. And Fahimi Nejad, AS. Kazem Nejad, A. (2018). Development of a strategic plan for student sports for girls in the second year of high school in Golestan province. Human Resource Management in Sport, 6 (2), 315-331. (Persian).
  11. Sotiriadou, K. Shilbury, D. & Quick, S. (2008). " The attraction, retention/transition, and nurturing process of sport development: some Australian evidence". Journal of sport management. 22(3), 247-272.
  12. Talebpour, M. Ranaei, M. (2012). A Study of Distributive Justice and Its Principles in University Sports, (Persian).
  13. M., Hamidi. M., Khabiri. M., & Alidoust. E. (2016 spring & summer). Codification a Strategy Map of Physical Education and Sports Activities in Ministry of Education of Iran. Research on Educational Sport, 5(12): 17-36. (Persian).


  1. Wang, D.B. & Lu, W.J. (2017)." The Construction and Application of Functional Indexes of Colleges and Universities in the Development of Sports Industry—Analysis Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method". Eurasia journal of mathematics science and technology education. 13(8), 6027-6036.
  2. Yanpi, I. Doosti, m. (2018). Investigating the Challenges and Opportunities for the Development of Equestrian Sports in Golestan Province. Sports Management and Development, 8 (3 (19 in a row)), 87-101. (Persian).
  3. Zvapano, K. (2017). Challenges in the management of sport in unversities in Zimbabwe. (Thesis). Zimbabwe Open University.