تبیین جامعه‌شناختی پیامدهای اجتماعی مشارکت در ورزش براساس نظریة داده‌بنیاد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مطالعه پیامدهای اجتماعی مشارکت در ورزش؛ مبتنی بر نظریه داده بنیاد انجام شد. پژوهش حاضر در چارچوب رویکرد کیفی انجام گرفته است و داده‌های مورد نیاز با به کارگیری مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساختار یافته، جمع آوری شد. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ آﻣﺎری اﻳﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ اﻓﺮاد ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ و ﺧﺒﺮه در زﻣﻴﻨﺔ مشارکت اجتماعی در ورزش، شامل: اساتید مدیریت ورزشی (6 نفر)، جامعه شناسی (6 نفر) و افراد خبره در ادارات ورزش و جوانان (5 نفر) بودند. روش انتخاب نمونه به شیوه گلوله برفی بود. روش ﺟﻤﻊ‌آوری اﻃﻼﻋﺎت، ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ پژوهش‌های پیشین و ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ و ﺑﺎز بود. در جهت سنجش اعتبار، انتقال و تایید پذیری، یافته‌های ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ را ﺑﺮای ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎن اراﺋﻪ و ﻣﺘﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ آن‌ها ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ و ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻧﻈﺮات آن‌ها اﻋﻤﺎل ﺷﺪ. روش مورد استفاده برای قابلیت اعتماد، روش توافق درون موضوعی بود. میانگین میزان توافق درون موضوعی 75/0 گزارش شد. نرم افزار مورد استفاده مکس کیودا نسخه 10 بود. بر اساس یافته‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساختار یافته، مهم‌ترین پیامدهای مشارکت اجتماعی در ورزش شامل مواردی نظیر انسجام اجتماعی، اعتماد اجتماعی، بعد سلامت، بعد پرورشی و اخلاقی، شور و نشاط، روابط اجتماعی، هویت اجتماعی و کاهش آسیب‌های اجتماعی است. راهبردهای پیشنهادی برخاسته از پژوهش شامل تهیه زیرساخت‌ها، جایابی ورزش در فرهنگ عمومی و وضع قوانین مربوط به مشارکت ورزشی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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