مطالعه تطبیقی ورزش مدارس کشورهای فنلاند، دانمارک، آلمان، بریتانیا، ایالات متحده آمریکا و ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت راهبردی، پردیس دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

افزایش فرصت‌های فعالیت بدنی در مدارس به عنوان یک اولویت جهانی در بین کودکان و نوجوانان در سنین مدرسه‌ شناخته شده است. از آنجا که وضعیت فعالیت بدنی در برخی از کشورها هنوز به میزان توصیه‌های سازمان بهداشت جهانی نرسیده است، هدف این پژوهش توجه به نقش مدرسه در ایجاد فرصت‌های فعالیت بدنی و ترسیم چارچوبی تطبیقی از موضوعات مرتبط با ورزش مدارس از جمله بررسی کیفیت درس تربیت بدنی (زمان، محتوی و تخصص معلمان)، استراتژی‌های ملی کشورها و فوق برنامه‌ها با توجه به چارچوب برنامه جامع فعالیت بدنی مدرسه می‌باشد. این پژوهش از نوع مطالعات تطبیقی است و با استفاده از روش بردی انجام شده است. کاوش در شیوه‌های اجرایی بهترین سیستم‌های آموزشی دنیا (فنلاند، دانمارک، آلمان، بریتانیا، ایالات متحده) که دارای برنامه جامع در زمینه‌ی فعالیت بدنی در مدرسه بوده‌اند، نشان می‌دهد که بسیاری از کشورها ابتکار فعالیت‌های بدنی را طراحی و اجرا نموده‌اند که درصدد افزایش فرصت‌های فعالیت بدنی در دسترس کودکان قبل، حین و بعد از مدرسه می‌باشد و می‌تواند کمبود ساعات فعالیت بدنی در درس تربیت بدنی مدارس را نیز جبران نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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