طراحی چارچوب شایستگی سواد بدنی دانشجویان - رویکرد فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار بخش مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی دانشگاه شیراز

2 دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه شیراز

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی

4 دانشگاه شیراز

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

6 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزآباد

7 دانشگاه پیام نور شیراز

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، طراحی چارچوب شایستگی‌های سواد بدنی مورد نیاز دانشجویان بود. این پژوهش کیفی با استفاده از روش شش مرحله‌ای ساندلوسکی و باروسو (2007) انجام شده است. تیم فراترکیب متشکل از سه نفر متخصص برنامه‌ریزی درسی، یک نفر متخصص در حوزه تربیت بدنی و یک نفر متخصص در روش پژوهش فراترکیب بود. 27 منبع پژوهشی مرتبط، مبنای تحلیل قرار گرفت که نتیجه آن استخراج 11 شایستگی سواد بدنی دانشجویان و دسته‌بندی آنها در سه مضمون اصلی شایستگی‌های فردی (توانایی شناختی، توانایی عملی، توانایی عاطفی و مشارکت در فعالیت‌های بدنی)، شایستگی‌های دانشگاهی (امکانات آموزشی، ویژگی‌های اساتید، محیط آموزشی، خانواده و گروه همسالان) و شایستگی‌های اجتماعی (بافت فرهنگی جامعه، سیاست‌ها و رسانه‌های جمعی) است. اعتبار داده‌ها با استفاده از تکنیک‌های اعتبارپذیری، انتقال‌پذیری و هم‌سوسازی داده‌ها و اعتمادپذیری به داده‌ها نیز با هدایت دقیق جریان جمع‌آوری اطلاعات و هم‌سوسازی پژوهشگران تأیید شد. پژوهش حاضر با ارائه چارچوب شایستگی‌های سواد بدنی مورد نیاز دانشجویان، اهمیت و ضرورت آموزش سواد بدنی را در نظام آموزش عالی نشان داده و آن را به عنوان عاملی مهم و ضروری برای مشارکت فعال در جوامع، توسعه و حفظ سلامت معرفی نموده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

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